Candi Gedong Songo is the name of a complex of buildings of cultural heritage Hindu temple, where located in the Candi village, Bandungan district, and entered in Semarang regency, Central Java. Precisely Gedong Songo temple located on the slopes of Mount Ungaran. In the area of this temple, there are nine temples. Gedong Songo The word comes from the Javanese language, gedong means a building or house, and Songo means nine. So Gedong Songo means nine (group) of the building.
Location 9 pieces of this temple are scattered on the slopes of Mount Ungaran has beautiful natural scenery. In the vicinity of Gedong Songo temple site there is also a neat pine forests and springs that contain sulfur. Mist descends from the top of the mountain often appears, this resulted in us difficult to look Gedongsongo temple from a distance. Candi Gedong Songo has similarities with Dieng temple complex in Wonosobo. Candi Gedong Songo is situated at an altitude of about 1,200 meters above sea level. This resulted in air temperature in Gedong Songo temple area is pretty cool.
Candi Gedong Songo itself discovered by Raffles in 1804 and is a relic of Hindu culture from the time of the Sailendra dynasty of the 9th century (year 927 AD). Gedong Songo temple complex was built by Putera Sanjaya, a king of ancient Mataram at around the 7th century BC. Judging from the architecture and its founders are Hindu, Gedong Songo temple is certainly a Hindu temple built for the purpose of worship. Gedong Songo temple there are several statues of deities such as Shiva guru, Mahakala Shiva, Shiva Mahadeva, Durga mahesa suramardhani and Ganesha. Candi Gedong Songo is used as a place of worship for Hindus. In the Gedong Songo temple complex is also found Lingga and Yoni that is the hallmark of a Hindu temple in Indonesia.
Candi Gedong Songo has a character of Aura Alam Ghaib very strong and mystical. As noted above, the temple complex is comprised of nine temples, lined from bottom to top are connected by walkways cement. One building the temple at the peak highest peak called Nirvana. Around the temple, Gedong Songo location also includes a hillside cave Hanoman Kendali sodo and imprisoned.
Candi gedong songo – candi gedong 1
Candi Gedong 1 is one of the temples in Gedong Songo temple complex in the form of a temple building intact. Candi Gedong 1 rectangular shape that is not too great a height of about 4 to 5 meters. This temple stands on a shelf or as high as a 1-meter foot of the temple is decorated with carved reliefs and sculptures tendrils or lotus flowers around it. On the inside of the body of the temple, there is a small room, while on the outside looks plain without relief, on the outside of the temple there is only a simple flower-shaped sculpture frame-like middle section blank.
Candi gedong songo – Candigedong II
standing on a shelf that is a square with an area of 2.2 sq m and a height of 1 meter. On the top shelf, form a corridor with a width of half a meter that surrounds the temple. On the outer side of the temple body in the third section the walls there are small niche as a place to put the statue. This niche dihiasai with two dragon heads on the bottom and on the top Kalamakara. On the outside alcove decorated with carved patterns of sticky paper. At the top of the temple ruins just looks alone. On the front of the temple there is a small temple ruins known as ancillary temples have a function as if it were a guard.
Candi gedong songo – candi gedong III
Candi Gedong three is a group of temples that consist of 3 major temples. 2 pieces of big temple face east and look like the twin temples and shaped like temples gedong II. Beside the entrance 2 this temple, there is a niche containing a statue of Shiva with a long-standing position with a club in his right hand. While a temple, others facing westward with a smaller size. This small temple is expected to serve as a storage area. On the wall of the main temple, there is a niche containing a statue of Ganesh and Durga handed 8.
Candi Gedong Songo – Candi Gedong IV
Candi Gedong IV consists of the main temple and the ruins of several temples in the vicinity presumable ancillary temples. In the main temple has a shape like a temple Gedong II with high base 1 meter and a half-meter-wide corridor around him. On the part of the outside walls is corbelled roof with niches containing a statue that has been damaged.
Candi gedong V
Candi Gedong V consists of the main temple and temple ruins surrounding the alleged ancillary temples. Candi Gedong V-shaped like the Temple Gedong II. On the outer wall of the temple shrines of V, there is a niche containing a statue of Ganesha premises sitting cross-legged position.Among temple Gedong Gedong III and IV of the temple, there is a hot water bath. The hot spring is located in kepunden mountain hot springs with sulphur smell was overpowering.
GedongSongo: The Lost Temple on the Mount Ungaran
Gedong Songo (nine buildings) is the name of the temple which is located in the hills of Ungaran. Candi GedongSongo is situated at an altitude of about 1,200 DPL with temperatures around 19-27 ° C. Gedong Songo location is easily accessible from various cities in the surrounding areas. Its location is an alternative row line Ungaran – Temanggung. If Adventurers start of Semarang enough south to the city of Ungaran – Bandungan – Gedong Songo.Can be achieved with a time of 1-hour drive. If the can through the City of Yogyakarta Ambarawa (Ambarawa Monument) – Bandungan – GedongSongo, the travelling time of about 2 hours.
Gedong Songo is located on the slopes of Mount Ungaran, at coordinates 110 ° 20’27 “E and 07 ° 14’3” LS in the village Darum, Candi, Bandungan sub-district, Semarang regency, Central Java Province. GedongSongo derived from the Javanese language, Gedong (house / building) and Songo (nine), which means nine (Group) Building. Do since the beginning of this temple there are nine groups? Or have other meanings? Hmm, can not be answered. But this time there were only 5 of the temple complex.
Gedong Songo is a lot of similarity with temples in Dieng was in Banjarnegara (hereinafter adventure). This temple complex is made from the bottom up lined the hills around the crater hot springs. Dieng temple complex where also a lot of hot water crater is located not far from the centre of the temple. Making the temple is symmetrical and located on the hill shows the fusion of the two religions that embrace local belief in ancestors and Hindu culture in which the temple as the abode of the gods. The temple, which is made up bud similar to a stone-age culture that is punden staircase steps. The principle is narrowing down to the top, then the spirits of ancestors are getting close to humans. Well, the two cultures converge in Gedong Songo to define it as a sacrifice to the spirits of ancestors in which a procession to the temple complex is located in located in the hills.
Arca – statues in the complex Gedong Songo made in the 8th century AD is not yet complete. Statues encountered only a few are left, like Durga (Shiva’s wife), Ganesha (Son of Shiva), Agastya (A Resi) As well as the two guards namely Nandiswara Lord Shiva and Mahakala were assigned to guard the temple.
Gedong Songo temple complex itself is found by Loten, in 1740. In the subsequent period, Raffles started to record by naming gedong Pitoe (seven) because only find seven clusters of buildings around the year 1804. It was only in 1925, Van Braam makes their publications temples around the hills Ungaran. Then Friederich and Hopermans write about Gedong Songo, and Van Stein Calefells doing research around complex GedongSongo in 1908. Around the year 1911 to 1912 Knebel conduct an inventory of all Gedong Songo temple complex.
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